miércoles, 31 de agosto de 2011

I HAVE A DREAM”: C’S y UPyD, UNA ESPERANZA O SUEÑO BAJO LA GUILLOTINA*

· El 28 de agosto de 1963, en Washington, Martín Luther King utilizó, en un célebre discurso, la expresión “I have a dream”, para verbalizar su esperanza, su sueño de un mundo de libertad y de justicia, donde todos (blancos y negros) tuviesen los mismos derechos civiles. En 1964, gracias a los buenos oficios del malogrado presidente J.F. Kennedy, se promulgó una ley que daba, finalmente, también a los negros, los precitados derechos de los que estaban privados.

· Guardando las distancias, yo también he tenido un sueño sobre la esperanza que ha representado y representa, pero cada vez menos, Ciudadanos-Partido de la Ciudadanía (C’s) y Unión, Progreso y Democracia (UPyD), para los ciudadanos y la vida política no sólo de Cataluña, sino de España. Esperanza que puede verse truncada, sin embargo, si no se toman las medidas necesarias, pertinentes y urgentes para eliminar los peligros internos, personificados en sus cúpulas respectivas, que acechan a C’s y a UPyD. He aquí mi sueño, que puede acabar en pesadilla en las elecciones generales del 20 de noviembre de 2011, tanto si estas dos formaciones tienen buenos como malos resultados electorales.

· Desde el punto de vista histórico, el paso de la Edad Media a la Edad Moderna se produce a través de un período transitorio, el Renacimiento (volver a nacer). Durante la Edad Media, Dios era la medida de todas las cosas: había una idea teocéntrica de la ciencia, del arte, de la cultura, de la vida, es decir de todo. Con el Renacimiento, se produce un cambio de paradigma: Dios deja de ser el centro y en su lugar es situado el Hombre. De ahí el término Humanismo para designar el movimiento intelectual, que rompe con las tradiciones escolásticas medievales y exalta las cualidades propias de la naturaleza humana. En efecto, el hombre abandona la tutela de la disciplina de la Iglesia y se organiza una cultura laica; vuelve la mirada hacia sí y piensa que puede llegar por sí mismo a la verdad, sin la revelación divina; ensalza la importancia de la razón, combatiendo el criterio de autoridad y potenciando, al mismo tiempo, el espíritu crítico; etc. Todo esto trajo consigo cambios importantes y beneficiosos en el orden científico, técnico, cultural,… que permitieron dar paso a los grandes descubrimientos geográficos y técnicos, a los diferentes Siglos de Oro de los pueblos de Europa y a un cambio de época.

· En los manuales de derecho político, se suelen recoger y citar dos axiomas o principios en relación con el comportamiento de los partidos políticos tradicionales. Todos se proponen conquistar el poder. Ahora bien, una vez conquistado, se produce una metamorfosis, que hace que olviden no sólo las promesas hechas durante la campaña electoral, sino también los principios, los valores y el ideario del partido, y que sólo piensen en incrementar cada vez más su poder y en mantenerse en él el mayor tiempo posible. Esto sería la “Edad Media de la vida política”, donde todo está subordinado a los intereses de los miembros de la casta política, i.e. de los profesionales de la res publica.

· Contra estos comportamientos de los políticos profesionales, de la “casta política medieval”, ha aparecido un antídoto, ha surgido un “renacimiento político”: C’s y UPyD, que nacieron, entre otros motivos, para acabar con estos comportamientos y poner en práctica otra forma de hacer política. En efecto, como se suele afirmar reiteradamente en estas dos jóvenes formaciones, los miembros de C’s y de UPyD no son, ni quieren ser, ni deben ser profesionales de la política, sino profesionales que, durante un tiempo, se dedican a la política; de ahí la limitación de mandatos. Y, por otro lado, como reza uno de sus eslóganes , “sólo nos importan las personas”.

· Esta nueva actitud ante el hecho político (no somos profesionales de la política) y este nuevo paradigma de la vida política (“sólo nos importan las personas”) son el fermento, la levadura (como lo fue en el Renacimiento el Hombre que ocupó el lugar de Dios) que debe permitir “regenerar la vida política” y provocar un “renacimiento político”. La esperanza y las expectativas creadas por C’s y UPyD en muchos ciudadanos, no sólo de Cataluña sino del resto de España, dan testimonio de ello. En efecto, ahí están los resultados electorales, tanto en las elecciones autonómicas como municipales del pasado 22 de mayo de 2011, para corroborar lo que acabo de afirmar.

· Ahora bien, esta esperanza y estas expectativas pueden verse truncadas, y el sueño puede acabar y acabar mal, como una pesadilla, si los militantes de C’s y de UPyD no actúan decididamente, sin complejos y sin cálculos politiqueros, contra los peligros internos (representados por sus cúpulas dirigentes), que acechan a estas dos formaciones políticas. La responsabilidad de los militantes, para que el proyecto, el ideario y los valores de C’s y de UPyD no se desvirtúen, es enorme. Está en juego un “cambio de época política”, está en juego el renacimiento de la “democracia participativa y directa” de la antigua Grecia, exigida por los “indignados del 15M”, democracia prístina que debe permitir situar a los ciudadanos, a las personas, en el epicentro de toda la actividad política.

· Por eso, creo que los militantes y simpatizantes no pueden no ser beligerante y que deben, más bien, ser intransigentes cuando están en juego y en peligro los principios, los valores, el ideario de C’s y de UPyD, ya que estos nuevos partidos se han convertido en genuinas y auténticas granjas orwellianas, que no tienen nada que envidiar a sus hermanos mayores, los partidos políticos tradicionales y al uso. Ante la metamorfosis orwelliana de C’s y de UPyD, cualquier otra consideración, cualquier otro cálculo politiquero o politicastro (“no es el momento”, “estamos inmersos en una campaña electoral”, “no es bueno lavar los trapos sucios en público”, “sería tirar piedras contra nuestro propio tejado”,...) creo que no son de recibo y deberían ser rechazados de plano. El grado de metástasis antidemocrática es tal en estas dos formaciones, que una actuación rápida y traumática (una rebelión de los militantes contra las cúpulas de C’s y de UPyD) parece necesaria, antes de que los medios de comunicación empiecen a difundir toda la “basura” (por utilizar un término suave) que han ido generando las citadas cúpulas y que, por desgracia, es mucha y muy variada. Autocrítica dura y feroz, con luz y taquígrafos, búsqueda de alternativas y de equipos, regeneración y vuelta a los principios, a los valores y al ideario de C’s y de UPyD, sin esperar más, sin cálculos electoralistas, éstos deberían ser los banderines de enganche de los genuinos afiliados y simpatizantes de C’s y de UPyD. No hacerlo es contribuir a preparar el pesebre y el cubil a la casta política, empotrada en las cúpulas de C’s y de UPyD.

Manuel I. Cabezas González  
m.ignacio.cabezas@gmail.com  
29 de agosto de 2011

(*) Este texto es una versión actualizada de otro que fue publicado en Ciudadanos en la Red, el  28 de mayo de 2008.


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